Identification
ID in this catalogue WCO 3
Type Outflow water clock 
Current Location

Fragment a: British Museum
Fragment b: Musée du Louvre, Paris

Fragment c: Ägyptisches Museum, Berlin

Fragment d: Private Collection (NY, USA)

Catalogue Numbers

Fragment a: EA933

Fragment b: E 30890

Fragment c: ÄM 30508

Fragment d: None

Provenance

Tell el-Yahudiya (Leontopolis) 

Date

Estimate: 332-323 BCE, time of Alexander the Great)

Dimensions
Fragment a: height 44.3 cm (including attached base); width 40.5 cm (including base); depth 25 cm (including base)
Fragment b: 5 x 9 cm 
Fragment c: Unknown
Fragment d: 18.3 x 17 cm
Material

Granodiorite

Condition

Incomplete: four fragments currently in four different locations, with the largest fragment at the British Museum 

Publications

Budge (1909b)

Borchardt (1920)

Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais (1982)

Fazzini & Bianchi (1988)

Walker & Higgs (2001)

Stanwick (2005)

Lodomez (2007)

Content
External registers Single Register Present
External upper band of text Present  
External lower band(s) of text Present 
Exterior Astronomical Diagram Not Present
Rim Unknown 
Interior markings Columns of dots as well as three incised hieroglyphic signs, a was-sceptre, a djed pillar, and an ankh
Other features  
Notes

See also the entries in:

Schomberg, A., Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 24 BM 933, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-17 [Fragment a] (Berlin cast of this object is ID 11.)
Schomberg, A., Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 26 Louvre 30890, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-19 [Fragment b] (Berlin cast of this object is ID 13.)
Schomberg, A., Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 14 Berlin 30508, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-6 [Fragment c]
Schomberg, A., Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 16 Private Collection, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-8 [Fragment d]

Images

Fragment a: https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/Y_EA933 

Fragment b: http://cartelfr.louvre.fr/cartelfr/visite?srv=car_not_frame&idNotice=3325&langue=fr

Fragment c: Lodomez (2007)

Fragment d: Unavailable

 

 

Identification
ID in this catalogue WCO 6
Type Outflow water clock 
Current Location

British Museum

Catalogue Numbers

EA938 (1873,0812.1, BS.938)

Provenance

Tell el-Yahudiya(?)

Date

Ptolemaic, 320 BCE

Dimensions

Height 34 cm; width 30 cm; depth 7 cm

Material Granodiorite

Condition

One large fragment spanning rim to near the bottom

Publications

Birch (1850)

Wiedemann (1901)

Budge (1909a)

Budge (1909b)

Borchardt (1920)

Langmann et al. (1984)

Quirke and Spencer (1992)

Clagett (1995)

Grimal et al. (1998)

Lodomez (2007)

Content
External registers Single Register 
External upper band of text Present 
External lower band(s) of text Present 
Exterior Astronomical Diagram No
Rim One complete and one partial month label in Latin and Egyptian
Interior markings Two vertical lines of evenly spaced incised dots are preserved, as are parts of a djed-pillar, a was-sceptre, and an ankh. The fill line is clearly visible.
Other features  
Notes

Entry in the Britsh Museum online catalogue: https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/Y_EA938

See also the entry in: Schomberg, A., Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 28 BM 938, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-21 (Berlin cast of this object is ID 10.)

Images

 See the BM catalogue entry above for views of the exterior and interior. Langmann et al. (1984) includes a view of the rim.

 

Identification
ID in this catalogue WC? 22 BM EA21736
Type ?Outflow waterclock
Current Location

British Museum

Catalogue Numbers EA21736 
Provenance Egypt 
Date Ptolemaic Period
Dimensions

Height 14 cm; width 11.5 cm

Material Granodiorite

Condition

Fragment
Publications None known
Content
External registers Unknown
External upper band of text Unknown 
External lower band(s) of text Unknown
Exterior Astronomical Diagram Unknown
Rim Unknown  
Interior markings Unknown  
Other features Unknown  
Notes

Donated to the British Museum by Rev Greville John Chester 

See also Schomberg, A. Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 41 BM EA 21736, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-36

Images

No images available on the BM website (as of 2021).

 

Identification
ID in this catalogue WCO 7
Type Outflow water clock 
Current Location

Fragment a) Museo Egizio, Turin Room 13, Case 06

Fragment b) MRAH, Brussels, on display

Catalogue Numbers

Fragment a) Supp. 8

Fragment b) E.04782

Provenance Found in Rome, behind the S. Maria sopra
Minerva (Müskens 2017). The Turin fragment came from Kircherian Museum in 1896
Date Late Period
Dimensions

Fragment a) Height 19.5 cm; width 21 cm

Fragment b) Height 11.5 cm; width 16 cm; thickness 4 cm

Material Red Granite

Condition

Two fragments remain
Publications

Kircher (1654)

Borchardt (1920)

Speelers (1923)

Pogo (1936)

Capart (1938)

Porter and Moss (1960) 

Roullet (1972) 

Langmann et al. (1984)

Lembke (1994)

Grimm and Mina Zeni (2004)

Müskens (2017)

Content
External registers Single Register
External upper band of text The Brussels fragment (b) has a line of text on the outside recording the dual use of the instrument: "To be able to know the hours of the day when Re cannot be seen, and to be able to know the hours of the night (when the stars cannot be seen)." (MRAH Catalogue)
External lower band(s) of text Unknown 
Exterior Astronomical Diagram

No 

Rim Unknown 
Interior markings

The inner surface was carved with twelve lines, each with eleven projections, one series for each month of the year. The eleven subdivisions were further apart during the winter months because the nights were longer. The inner surface of the fragment also has traces of a was-sceptre and a djed-pillar. (MRAH Catalogue)

 
Other features  
Notes

See also the entries in:

Schomberg, A., Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 29 Turin, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-22 [Fragment a] (Berlin cast of this object is ID 5.)
Schomberg, A., Berlin Waterclock Project, ID 35 Brussels, 2019, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-10-29 [Fragment b]

Images

a) Museo Egizio website:  https://collezioni.museoegizio.it/en-GB/material/S_8/?description=&inventoryNumber=S.+8

b) MRAH website: https://www.carmentis.be:443/eMP/eMuseumPlus?service=ExternalInterface&module=collection&objectId=80673&viewType=detailView